Lena and Louis Hyman Collection in the History of Anesthesiology: Annotated title list

Items in this list are arranged alphabetically by author with a few exceptions: compilations of articles by several authors are listed by title; and works concerned with the dispute among Charles Jackson, Crawford Long, William T. G. Morton, and Horace Wells over the discovery of ether anesthesia are usually listed under their respective names.

All volumes are actually shelved in the Hyman Collection by call order number. Please check titles in CLIO, the Columbia University Libraries online catalog, to determine call number.

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Allen, Carroll W. Local and regional Anesthesia. Philadelphia & London, Saunders, 1915 (c. 1914). 625 p., 255 ill. and charts. Introduction by Rudolph Matas.

The American Year-Book of Anesthesia and Analgesia. Ed. F.H. McMechan. By various authors. Profusely illustrated. Vol. 1, 1915 (c. 1916) xx, 416 p.; Vol. 2, 1917/18, (c. 1921) xxv, 483 p.

A collection of research papers on all aspects of anesthesia (by Crile, McKesson, Guedel, Gwathmey, et al.) edited by F.H. McMechan. A good presentation of the current advances.

Andrews, Edmund. The relative dangers of anaesthesia by chloroform and ether, from statistics of 209,893 cases. Chicago, Robert Fergus' Sons, 1870. 12 p. Reprinted from: Chicago Medical Examiner.

Andrews advocated the use of an oxygen-nitrous oxide mixture in another article he published in the Medical Examiner , v. 9:656-61, 1868 (GM 5669).


Baisch, K. Die Narkose in der Geburtshilfe. In: Handbuch der Geburtshilfe. München, Doederlein, 1917. Ergaenzungsband. p. 3-12. Disbound.

Bankoff, George. Conquest of pain: the story of anaesthesia. London, MacDonald, 1946 (Conquest Series, no. 2), 204 p., ill. Cloth, dust jacket, first edition.

An entertaining narrative of the history of anesthesia.

Bartholow, Roberts. The Treatment of Diseases by the Hypodermic Method: A Manual of Hypodermic Medication. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, J.P. Lippincott, 1879.

Barton, George A.H. Backwaters of Lethe. (Some Anaesthetic Notions). New York, Hoeber, 1920. 151 p., ill., cloth.

Barton, a practicing English anesthesiologist in the early part of the century, describes here the tools of his trade, accompanying them with illustrations: Weiss's oxygen attachment for gas and oxygen; the Barton inhaler; a humane tongue clip; sensible sponge holder; ether apparatus, etc. One illustration shows the author inducing chloroform anesthesia and working with the ether equipment. His description of the Barton inhaler, a mechanism designed by the author himself and used by him for many years, is detailed both in its technical fabrication and in its proper employment.

Beecher, Henry K. The Physiology of Anesthesia. London & New York, Oxford University Press, 1938. xiv, 388 p.

Beecher stressed the fact that the introduction of anesthesia into the clinic altered the practice of medicine perhaps more than any other single advance.

Berend, Nicolas. Zur Chloroform-Casuistik. Hannover,1850. xvi, 26 p., 2 folding tables.

An early report listing all deaths in the literature due to chloroform. The famous Hannah Green case, the first death due to anesthesia is discussed in some detail. This would appear to be the first European work dealing with the morbidity and mortality of inhalation anesthesia and was published only four years after the introduction of anesthesia. This appears to be a very rare item as no copies are listed in any of the standard reference works. One copy was located in the Wood Library; there is an incomplete copy in the National Library of Medicine, making this possibly the only other copy in the U.S.

Bernard, Claude. "Analyse physiologique des propriétés des systèmes musculaire et nerveux au moyen du curare." Extract from Compte Rendus Hébdomadaires des Séances de l'Academie des Sciences. 3 November 1856, vol. 43, 825-29. (GM 2079).

Bernard showed that curare acted by stopping the transmission of impulses from motor nerves to voluntary muscles.

Bernard, Claude. Leçons sur les Anesthésiques et sur l'Asphyxie. Paris, Baillière, 1875. 536 p. (GM 5673).

As early as 1864 Bernard discovered that chloroform anesthesia could be prolonged and intensified by the injection of morphine. J.N. von Nussbaum Also observed this. English translation by B. Fink, Park Ridge, 1989.

Bernard, Claude. Leçons sur les effets des substances toxiques et médicamenteuses. Paris, Baillière, 1857. (GM 1863).

Bernard included a summary of his experiments with curare in the Leçons to establish his priority in researching its effects. He demonstrated in these experiments the susceptibility of the nerve-muscle preparation to a chemical (pharmacological) effect.

  • Bigelow, Henry J. (1846) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints

Bigelow, Henry J. Ether and Chloroform: their discovery and physiological effects. Reprinted from: Boston Medical and Surgical Journal; and the Transactions of the American Medical Association, vol. 1, Boston, David Clapp, 1848. 27 p. (GM 5730).

Bigelow's defense of Morton's claim to the discovery of ether. Bigelow's speedy publication of Morton's discovery, and his subsequent advocacy of ether assured its adoption throughout the civilized world.

  • Boland, Frank Kells - see - Long, Crawford.

Bourne, Wesley. Mysterious waters to guard: essays and addresses on anaesthesia. Springfield, IL, Charles C. Thomas, 1955. xvi, 398 p., 48 plates.

In 1924, Bourne reported on the mechanism of acidosis in anesthesia. In 1935, he was the first recipient of the Hickman Medal, founded in 1931 by the Royal Society of Medicine, and awarded to individuals for original work of outstanding merit in anesthesia.

Bowditch, Nathaniel I. A History of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Boston, John Wilson & Son, 1851. xi, 442 p., 2 portraits.

This includes a 130-page chapter on the ether controversy.

Braun, Heinrich F.W. Local anesthesia: its scientific basis and practical use. Second American edition from the sixth revised German edition. Translation by Malcolm L. Harris. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1924. xi, 411 p. (Translation of GM 5691).

Braun's important book on local anesthesia greatly stimulated the development of the subject.


Camac, Charles N. B., compiler. Epoch-making contributions to medicine, surgery and the allied sciences: being reprints of those communications which first conveyed epoch-making observations to the scientific world together with biographical sketches of the observers. Philadelphia, Saunders, 1909. x, 435 p., 10 portraits, 3 facsimiles. (anesthesia chapter p. 299-389)

"The best book of this kind for American students," Garrison, History of Medicine, p. 880.

Cartwright, F. F. The English Pioneers of Anaesthesia (Beddoes : Davy : Hickman). London, Simpkin Marshall Ltd., 1952. x, 335 p., ill., 19 plates.

Channing, Walter. A treatise on etherization in childbirth. Boston, William D. Ticknor, 1848. vii, 400 p. (GM 5661).

First edition, now scarce, of an American classic on the earliest use of anesthesia in obstetrics. Channing was one of America's most eminent obstetric teachers. This work on etherization is based upon nearly 600 childbirth cases in his own practice.

Chisolm, Julian J. Chloroform the best of anaesthetics. Read before the Baltimore Academy of Medicine and revised. The Sun Book and Job, 1888. Inscribed "compliments of Dr. J.J. Chisolm."

Chisolm, Julian J. What anaesthetic shall we use? Read before the Baltimore Academy of Medicine June 5, 1877. The Sun Book and Job, 1877. 23 p.

Colton, Gardner Q. Anaesthesia: who made and developed this great discovery?  A statement "delivered upon the mellowing of occasion."  New York, A.G. Sherwood & Co., 1886. 15 p.

Colton's demonstrations of nitrous oxide gas stimulated its first applications in dentistry. In Hartford, on December 10, 1844, he gave a demonstration of the effects of "laughing gas" to an audience which included Dr. Horace Wells.

Colton, Gardner Q. Boyhood and manhood recollections:the story of a busy life. NewYork, A.G. Sherwood [1898?]. 26 p. Portrait of G.Q. Colton. Autobiography.

Colton, Gardner Q. A true history of the discovery of anaesthesia: A reply to Mrs. Elizabeth Whitman Morton. New York, A.G. Sherwood, 1896.

Colton, J.J. The physiological action of nitrous oxide gas as shown by experiments upon man and the lower animals; together with suggestions as to its safety, uses and abuses. Philadelphia, Samuel S. White, 1871. 32 p.

Corning, J. Leonard. Local Anaesthesia in General Medicine and Surgery, Being the Practical Application of the Author’s Recent Discoveries. New York: D. Appleton, 1886

The first textbook on local anesthesia.

Crile, George W. An experiment and clinical research into nitrous oxide versus ether anesthesia: An abbreviated report, 1909, 8 p. Reprint from: Transactions of the Southern Surgical and Gynecological Association, 1909.

Crile was awarded the Cartwright Prize of the Alumni Association of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, in 1923.


Dalton, John C. Vivisection: what it is and what it has accomplished. Reprint from: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, Bailliere Bros, 1867. 40 p., ill.

Dalton, professor of physiology at the universities of Buffalo and Vermont, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, was the author The experimental method in medical science (GM 1571). He was present at the first demonstration of ether as an anesthetic, October 16, 1846, and was quick to see its possibilities as a means of illustrating his lectures with experiments on living animals. As a result of the opposition to this method of teaching he published the above book.

Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. "The Ether Discovery." In: Littel's Living Age, p. 529- 571. Vol. 16, Boston, 1848, 620 p. [entire volume]

A major review of the ether discovery and controversy written by the famous American author who is best remembered for the novel Two Years Before the Mast. This extensive review is cited more than a dozen times by Duncum and also contains a very important paper given by Morton to the Academy of Sciences in Paris, published here for the first time in English.

Davis, Carl Henry. Nitrous oxide-oxygen analgesia in obstetrics. Reprint from: American Journal of Surgery, October 1916. 12 p. 2 figs.

(Davy, Sir Humphry). Portrait on cover and chronological information on reverse. Reprint from: Radiography and Chemical Photography, v. 14, no 3, June 1938.

__________. Hartley, Sir Harold. Humphry Davy. British Men of Science. General editor Sir Gavin de Beer. London, Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd., 1966. viii, 160 p. ill.

__________. Fullmer, June Z. Sir Humphry Davy's published works. Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press, 1969. viii, 112 p. Dust-jacket with portrait.

Delacour, Charles. De l'Analgesie. Thèse no 7, Faculté de Médecine de Paris. 1850. 43 p.

Derby, Hasket. Anaesthesia and non-anaesthesia in the extraction of cataract with some practical suggestions regarding the performance of this operation, and comparative statistics of two hundred cases. Cambridge, Riverside Press, 1881. 32 p.

Dieffenbach, Johann Friedrich. Der aether gegen den schmerz. Berlin, A. Hirschwald, 1847. 228 p. Ill. with a full-page lithograph. (GM 5659.1)

First edition written by the earliest German pioneer in the use of ether as an anesthetic. Describes the first application of ether anesthesia for plastic operations. Dieffenbach made his first use of the anesthetic in reconstructing a nose. He modified Morton's inhaler. Dieffenbach's work helped bring about the early acceptance of anesthesia in Germany.

Divine, S.R. Directions for making and administering nitrous oxide. NewYork, Enoch Morgan's Sons, [1867]. 26 pp., 4 pp. advertising.

Draper, J. W. An introductory lecture on oxygen gas: delivered at the University of New York. New York, Joseph H. Jennings, 1848. 15 p. Woodcut illustration of the university on the front wrapper.

Duncum, Barbara M. The development of inhalation anesthesia: with special reference to the years 1846-1900. Published for the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum by Geoffrey Cumberlege, Oxford University Press, 1947. xvi, 640 p., 161 ill., many photos. (GM 5733).

Dunster, Edward S. The history of anaesthesia. Ann Arbor, MI, Fiske & Douglas, 20 p. Reprint from: Peninsular Journal of Medicine, Aug 1875, xi: p. 337-355.

Duret, H. Des contre-indications a l'anesthesie chirurgicale. Paris, Progres Medical, 1880. viii, 278 p., tables.

Describes 155 cases of deaths related to chloroform-anesthesia from 1865-1880.

Dutertre, Emile. De l'emploi du chloroforme dans les accouchements naturels. Physiologie. Paris, 1882. 351 p. Bibliography p. 307-348.

Extensive coverage on the use of chloroform in natural childbirth.


Eckenhoff, James E. Anesthesia from Colonial Times: a history of anesthesia at the University of Pennsylvania. Montreal/Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1966. 95 p. portraits, ill.


Faraday, Michael. Engraved portrait. n.d

A student of H. Davy, in 1818, he wrote in the Quarterly Journal of Science and Arts about the effects of inhaling the vapor of sulphuric ether.

Flagg, Josiah F. Ether and chloroform: their employment in surgery, dentistry, midwifery, therapeutics, etc. Philadelphia, Lindsay and Blakiston, 1851. 189 p.

Formulary [Philadelphia? circa early 1850s], 1 v. (circa150 p.) Manuscript formulary with a 2 p. description of chloroform. For more information see the Formulary finding aid

Fulop-Miller, Rene. Triumph over pain. Translated by E. and C. Paul. New York, Literary Guild, 1938. xii, 438 p. with 31 plates.

  • Gay, Martin - see - Jackson, Charles T.


(Guthrie, Samuel, 1782-1848). Pawling, Jesse R. Dr. Samuel Guthrie: discoverer of chloroform, manufacturer of percussion pellets, industrial chemist, 1782-1848. Watertown, NY, Brewster Press, 1947. 123 p. ill., portrait.

Gwathmey, James T. and Baskerville, Charles A. editors. Anesthesia. New York, Appleton, 1914 (1918 printing). xxxii, 945 p., 283 ill. (GM 5699.1)

Gwathmey was one of the first physicians in the U.S. to specialize exclusively in anesthesiology. This work includes (p. 354) a description of his nitrous-oxide oxygen-ether apparatus.


Haggard, Howard W. The absorption, distribution and elimination of ethyl ether. New Haven, March 1, 1924. Reprint from: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1924-25, v. 59.

Hankel, Ernst. Handbuch der inhalations-anaesthetica, chloroform, aether, stickstoffoxydul, aethylbromid... Wiesbaden, E. Jungklaass, 1891. 140 p.

Hayden, William R. Anaesthesia by etherization and the viburnum compound of Dr. Hayden. Bedford Mineral Springs, MA, The New York Pharmaceutical Co., 1890. 26 p., 60 unnumbered p. Portrait of Morton, ill., one color plate of Viburnum opulus.

Hayward, George. Remarks on the comparative value of the different anaesthetic agents. Boston, David Clapp, 1850. 11 p.

Henderson, Yandell. A lecture on respiration in anaesthesia: control by carbon dioxide. Reprint from: British Medical Journal, v. 2: 1170-1175, 1925. (GM 5707).

Henderson's important investigations on the physiology of respiration included his demonstration of the relation of acapnia to anesthesia and the recommendation that carbon dioxide inhalation be used to overcome collapse due to anesthesia.

Herb, I.C. Observations on one thousand consecutive cases of anesthesia in the service of Dr. A.J. Ochsner, Augustana Hospital, Chicago. Reprint from: Tri-State Journal and Practitioner, Feb. 1899. 16 p. ill. and advertising.

Hermann, L. Die vivisectionsfrage: für das grössere publicum beleuchtet. Leipzig, Vogel, 1877. 64 p.

Hertzler, Arthur E. Surgical operations with local anesthesia. New York, Surgery Pub. Co., 1912. ix, 205 p. + index. 104 ill. First edition.

A pedagogical work for the general practitioner and surgeon. Hertzler describes "commoner operations" that can be performed under local anesthesia.

Hertzler, Arthur E. The technic of local anesthesia.  5th edition, St. Louis, Mosby, 1933, 292 p., ill.

- 6th edition, St. Louis, Mosby, 1937, 284 p., ill.

  • Hickman, Henry Hill (1824) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints

Hickman Centenary Exhibition. London, 1930. Souvenir, Henry Hill Hickman Centenary Exhibition 1830-1930 at the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum. 85 p., 13 ill., publishers' announcements.

Hickman's "letter on suspended animation in 1824" (GM 5647) was the first to prove that the pain of surgical operations could be abolished by inhalation of a gas. The "letter" was reprinted in the above volume.

Hirschel, Georg. Lehrbuch der Lokalanaesthesie für Studierende und Aerzte. 3rd ed. München, Bergman, 1923. vi, 164 p., 112 ill.


(Jackson, Charles T.) Gay, Martin. A Statement of the claims of Charles T. Jackson, M.D. to the discovery of the applicability of sulphuric ether to the prevention of pain in surgical operations. Boston, David Clapp, 1847. 29 p.

First edition of a scarce pamphlet supporting the claim of Charles T. Jackson to the discovery of the applicability of sulphuric ether by Dr. Gay, a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Boston Society of Natural History. This publication includes the account of Dr. Jackson's experiments as early as 1841-1842. The Appendix contains the testimony of various residents of Boston attesting to Dr. Jackson's claims of the early experiments.

__________. Lord, Joseph L. and Lord, Henry C. A defense of Dr. Charles T. Jackson's claims to the discovery of etherization; containing testimony disproving the claims set up in favor of Mr. W.T.G. Morton, in the report of the Trustees of the Massachusetts General Hospital, and in no. 201 of Littel's Living Age. Boston, Office of Littel's Living Age, 1848. 37 p.

Written by Jackson's attorneys disproving Morton's claims.

__________. U.S. Congress. 32nd, 1st Session. Congressional Report of Hon. Edward Stanley of North Carolina and Hon. Alexander Evans of Maryland, on the ether discovery, 32nd Congress, First Session, 1852. Report to the House of Representatives of the U.S., vindicating the rights of Charles T. Jackson to the Discovery of the Anaesthetic Effects of Ether Vapor, and Disproving the claims of W.T.G. Morton to that Discovery. 57 p.

An important document in the history of the Jackson and Morton controversy, a reply to Morton's third and last application to Congress. In 1852, Crawford W. Long put forward his claim, which Jackson supported in order to weaken Morton's case. Ten years later, Morton's claim vanished with a governmental dismissal of his case, and he died shortly thereafter in poverty.

  • Jackson, Dennis E. (1915) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints

(Jackson, James) Putnam, James Jackson. A Memoir of Dr. James Jackson... Boston, NY, Houghton Mifflin, 1906. Second impression. xii, 456 p., ill., portrait.

Jackson (Samuel?).Medical student notebook, 1850-51, "Dr. Jackson on Institutes of Medicine" (96 p.) For more information see the Medical student notebook manuscript finding aid

Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. October 1946, Vol 1, No 4. First printing of the "Anesthesia Centennial" number. A major collection of 22 papers pertaining to the history of anesthesia.


Kendirdjy, Leon. L'anesthesie chirurgicale par la stovaine. Paris, Masson, 1906. xi, 206 p.

Keys, Thomas E. The History of Surgical Anesthesia. New York, Schuman, 1945. xxx, 191 p., ill.

A fine historical presentation and an easy to use reference source (GM 5732).

King, James Joseph. Local anesthesia in otolaryngology and rhinology...with supplement on the toxic effects of local anesthetics. Edited by Emil Mayer. Preface by Robert Hatcher. New York, Hoeber, 1926. xi, 205 p. ill. and folded chart.


Laborit, H., P. Huguenard, et al. Pratique de L'Hibernothérapie en Chirurgie et en Médecine; Préface de C. Jaulmes. Paris: Masson & Cie., 1954.  256 p., ill.

Lai, David C., ed. Holding Court with the Ghost of Gilman Terrace: Selected Writings of Ralph Milton Waters, M.D. Park Ridge, IL: The Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, 2002.

With an inscription from the editor to the Hyman Collection.

Leake, Chauncey D. Letheon, the cadenced story of anesthesia. Austin, Univ. of Texas Press, 1947, 128 p.

A centennial tribute to the ether discovery with a detailed "Chronology of Anesthesia" from prehistoric times to 1947.

  • Long, Crawford W. (1849) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints

(Long, Crawford W.) Boland, Frank Kells. The first anesthetic: the story of Crawford Long. Athens, University of Georgia Press, 1950. xvi, 160 pp, portraits, ill.

__________. Sims, J. Marion. History of the discovery of anesthesia. New York, 1879. Reprint from: Virginia Medical Monthly, v. 4, p. 81-100, May 1877. 20 p. Includes a portrait of Crawford W. Long.

Sims supported the claims of Long over those of Wells, Jackson and Morton. His concluding remarks constitute something of an "argumentum ad hominem." He ends with an appeal for a Congressional allocation in support of Long and his co-workers.

__________. Young, Hugh H. Long, the Discoverer of Anaesthesia: a presentation of his original documents. Reprint from: Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, v. VIII, 174-184, Aug/Sept 1897.

Documents presented by Young leave no doubt that C.W. Long was the first, in 1842, to use ether as an anesthesia (GM 5731).

__________. Young, Hugh H. Crawford W. Long: Discoverer of Ether Anesthesia. Reprint from: Hygiea, July, 1926. 3 ill.

Lyman, Henry M. Artificial anaesthesia and anaesthetics. New York, William Wood, 1881. vii, 338 p.


McKesson, Elmer Isaac. Handbook of Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen Anesthesia in Dentistry. 3rd ed. Toledo, OH, McKesson Appliance Co, 1935. 71 p. Diagrams, ill., 1 color plate of appliances.

MacQuitty, Betty. The battle for oblivion: the discovery of anaesthesia. London, G.G. Harrap, 1969. 200 p., ill.

Maduro, M.L. A new method of anesthesia. Reprint from: Medical News, New York, 1897. 5 p.

Massachusetts General Hospital. Report of the Board of Trustees of the Massachusetts General Hospital, presented to the corporation at their annual meeting, January 26, 1848. Boston, 1848, 72 p. Frontispiece engraving of the McLean Asylum for the Insane.

Miller, Albert H. Two notable controversies: over the invention of the electric telegraph and the discovery of surgical anesthesia. Reprint from: Annals of Medical History. v. 6, 110-123, 1934. Portraits, ill.

Morton, William J. The invention of anaesthetic inhalation: or discovery of anaesthesia. Reprinted with additions and alterations from the Virginia Medical Monthly, March 1880. New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1880. 48 p.

This vigorous defense of W.T.G. Morton's claims by his son, was elicted by the publication, in the same journal, of an article by J. Marion Sims giving credit to Crawford W. Long.

__________. Memoranda relating to the discovery of surgical anesthesia and Dr. William T.G. Morton's relation to this event. Reprint from: Post-Graduate, April 1905. 21 p., portrait. (2 copies)

Morton, W.T.G. A Memoir to the Academy of Sciences at Paris on a new use of sulphuric ether. FACSIMILE of 1847 ed.

Issued by the Yale Medical Historical Library in commemoration of the ether centennial.

__________. On the physiological effects of sulphuric ether, and its superiority to chloroform. Boston, Clapp, 1850. 24 p.

(Morton, W.T.G.). [Morton Testimonial Association]. Proceedings of the Morton Testimonial. Boston, no date (1866?). 140 p.

__________. [Morton Testimonial Committee?] Proceedings in behalf of the Morton Testimonial. Boston, George C. Rand & Avery, 1861. 56 p., first edition.

__________. [Morton Testimonial Fund]. Historical memoranda relative to the discovery of etherization and to the connection with of the late Dr. William T.G. Morton. Prepared by the Committee of Citizens of Boston, chosen to raise a Morton Testimonial Fund. Boston, Rand Avery & Frye, 1871. 16 p. Inscribed by Mrs. W.T.G. Morton.

__________. Rice, Nathan P. Trials of a public benefactor, as illustrated in the discovery of etherization. NY, Pudney & Russell, 1859. (1858 c.) 460 p.

First edition of this exhaustive vindication of Morton's priority. Has bookplate of Henry W. Poor and a small broadside printing of Bigelow's inscription for the Morton monument tipped in.

__________. U.S. Congress, 30th, 2nd Session. Report No. 114, House of Representatives. William T.G. Morton: Sulphuric Ether. Feb. 23, 1849...Dr. Edwards, from the select committee to whom the subject was referred, made the following report...asking compensation from Congress for the discovery of the anaesthetic or pain subduing property of sulphuric ether... Washington, 1849. 46 p. tables.

This committee resolved "that W.T.G. Morton, is due the credit of having made the first practical application of sulphuric ether as an anaesthetic agent..."

__________. U.S. Congress, 30th, 2nd Session. Report No. 114, House of Representatives. Minority report W.T.G. Morton. Feb. 28, 1849. Mr. Lord submitted the following as the views of the minority. Washington D.C. 1849, 99 p.

Contains Holmes' famous letter in support of Morton, ending with the words "I think now is the time and this is the man."

Mott, Valentine. Pain and Anaesthetics: an essay, introductory to a series of surgical and medical monographs. Second edition, Washington, M'Gill & Witherow, 1863. 16 p. "Prepared by Request of the Sanitary Commission."

The first in a series of handbooks written to aid Army surgeons on the Civil War battlefields. All early editions are scarce due to the fact that they were used at the war front.

Müller, Joh. Anästhetika: Über die verschiedenen, gebräuchlichen anästhetika, ihre wirkungsweise und die gefahren bei ihrer answendung. Welches anästhetikum eignet sich am besten für den gebrauch im felde? Berlin, Mitscher & Roestell, 1898. viii, 188 p., 110 ill.

Müller discusses the use of various anesthetics, presents his observations on the effects of anesthetics and asks which anesthetic is the best for the use on the battlefield.


Nevius, Laird W. The discovery of modern anaesthesia: by whom was it made? A brief statement of facts. The author, NY, 1894. 111 p., 13 ill. on 10 plates. A scarce history of the discovery of anesthesia, with short biographies of Long, Wells, Morton, Jackson, Simpson and Colton.

  • Ochsner, Albert John - see - Herb I.C., 1899.
  • Oré, Pierre-Cyprien (1874) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints


Parkinson, James H. Anesthesia by ether. Reprint from: Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal and Western Lancet. 1884. 18 p.

Patrick, Albert T. The proper limitations of expert testimony as shown in the case of the trial of Albert T. Patrick for the alleged murder of William Marsh Rice. s.l., [1906?], unpaginated.

Contains statements from several physicians disputing the prosecution's argument that Marsh had been murdered by administration of chloroform.

Pauchet, Victor, et al. L'anesthesie regionale. Fourth revised edition. Paris, Doin, 1927. x, 382 p., ill.

  • Pawling, J.R. - see - Guthrie, Samuel.

Peironnet, Felix. L'emploi du chloroform dans les accouchements. Paris, Rignoux, 1851. 34 p.

Obstetrical anesthetics.

Portmann, Georges & Leduc Paul. L'anesthésie loco-régionale en oto-rhin-laryngologie et en chirurgie cervico-faciale.Paris, Doin, 1928. vi, 321 p., 84 ill.

  • Rice, Nathan P. - see - Morton, W.T.G., 1859.


Richardson, Benjamin W. On local anaesthesia by ether spray as a means for the entire extinction of pain in operations on the inferior animals. London, Churchill, 1867. 10 p.

Revel, [Alphonse?]. De la Cause de l'Insensibilité Produite par l'Inspiration des Vapeurs Éthérées. Chambéry, Puthod, 1848. [ii], 19 p. Reprint from: Mémoires de la Société Royale Académique de Savoie, Tome XIII, March 24, 1847.

With a signed presentation from Revel to Dr. [Matthias Louis] Mayer of Geneva on the front cover. This work is not in any of the standard bibliographies and was not found in NUC or OCLC as of Spring 2000.

Robinson, Victor. Victory over pain: a history of anesthesia. New York, Schuman, 1946. xiv, 338 p., ill.

Rohe, George H. Some points on the administration of anesthetics. Baltimore, Office of the Medical Chronicle, (1890?). 18 p.

Rolleston, Sir Humphry and Moncrieff, Alan A. editors. Modern anaesthetic practice. London, The Practitioner, 1941. 231 pp, ill.

First reprint of the first edition published in 1938.

Roth, George B. The original Morton inhaler for ether. Reprint from: Annals of Medical History, 1932, v. 4: 390-397, ill.

  • Rynd, Francis (1845) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints


Sansom, Arthur Ernest. Chloroform: its action and administration. Philadelphia, Lindsay & Blakiston, 1866. ix, 279 p.

First American edition. An important summary of chloroform and its effects.

Schleich, C.L. "A new method of local anaesthesia (infiltration anaesthesia). Clinical lecture delivered at the University of Berlin. Reported by H. Cleves Symmes." 1895. In: International Clinics. 5th series, v. II: 177-192. 6 figs. (complete volume).

__________. Notes on local anesthesia by infiltration as suggested by Dr. C.L. Schleich. Phildelphia, John Wyeth & Brother, 1895. 12 p., 3 diagrams.

__________. Schmerzlose operationen. Oertliche betäubung mit indifferenten Flüssigkeiten. Psychophysik des natürlichen und künstlichen Schlafes. Fourth revised edition, Berlin, Springer, 1899. xii, 303 pp, 32 ill.

Secher, Ole. Bibliography on the History of Anesthesia. Rigshospitalet, Feb 1984. 20 p. xerox copy. (Located in the Hyman Collection folder.)

"Semi-centennial of Anesthesia". Extract from: Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, October 15, 1896. v. 135:377-386. Portraits, illustrations of Massachusetts General Hospital and of the first demonstration of anesthesia.

Contains articles by several physicians on the 50th anniversary of Morton's demonstration. Also appeared in pamphlet form in 1897.

Sim, Patrick. The Heritage of Anesthesia: Patrick Sim's Annotated Bibliography of the Rare Book Collection of the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, edited by Donald Caton, M.D., Kathryn E. McGoldrick, M.D., Pauline Snider; and Felicia A. Reilly, M.A.L.S. Park Ridge, IL: The Wood Library-Museum, 2012. xii, 426 p., ill.

This comprehensive bibliography covers not only the origins of anesthesia, the "priority controversy," the physiology of anesthesia, and clinical anesthesiology but pain relief in its broadest aspects including acupuncture and hypnotism.

Simpson, Sir James Y. Obstetric memoirs and contributions. Edited by W.O. Priestly and H.R. Storer. Philadelphia, Lippincott. 2 vols.: v. 1(1855), xiii, 756 p.; v. 2 (1856), 733 p.

First American edition of this comprehensive collection, which includes 250 pages on anesthesia (v.2: 463-711).

Simpson, Sir James Y. Remarks on the superinduction of anaesthesia in natural and morbid parturition: with cases illustrative of the use and effects of chloroform in obstetric practice. Boston: William B. Little & Co., 1848. 48 p. 1st US ed.

(Simpson, Sir James Y.). Gordon, H. Laing. Sir James Young Simpson and chloroform. London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1897. xii, 233 p., with photographic frontispiece portrait.

  • Sims, J. Marion, 1879 - see - Long, Crawford

Smith, Andrew H. Oxygen gas as a remedy in disease. New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1870. 56 p., ill. Reprint from: New York Medical Journal, April 1870.

__________. Oxygen gas as a remedy in disease. Second revised edition, New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1870. 56 p. At head of wrapper: "Prize Essay of the Alumni Association of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, 1870."

Smith, Mayo G. A popular treatise on the teeth: containing a history of the dental art...also a full and accurate account of the history of ether or lethean, for the prevention of pain. Boston, John P. Jewett, 1848. 316 p., ill. Bound with: Smith, Mayo G. A., Treatise on the inhalation of ether for the prevention of pain. Boston, J. P. Jewett, 1848. 107 p.

  • Smith, Truman - see - Wells, Horace, 1858 and 1867.

Snow, John. On chloroform and other anaesthetics: their action and administration. Edited, with a memoir of the author, by Benjamin W. Richardson, M.D., 1858. FACSIMILE. Reprinted by the American Society of Anesthesiologists. xliv, 443 p., 2 ill.

_________. On the inhalation of the vapour of ether in surgical operations: containing a description of the various stages of etherization, and a statement of the result of nearly eighty operations in which ether has been employed in St. George's and University College Hospitals. London, John Churchill, 1847. FACSIMILE. vii, 88 p. ill. (GM 5658 original).

Squibb, Edward R. Anaesthetics. New York, 1871. 30 p., figures. Reprint from: New York Medical Journal, v. 13, April 1871.

Steel, Wm. A. Anaesthesia. Medical School, Temple University, 1927. 23 p.

Stevenson, Lloyd G. Suspended animation and the history of anesthesia. Reprint from: Bulletin of the History of Medicine, v. 49: 482-511, 1975, ill.

Sykes, W. Stanley. Essays on the first 100 years of anesthesia. Edinburgh, Livingstone Ltd., 1970. 2 v., 171 p., ill.


Thatcher, Virginia S. History of anesthesia with emphasis on the nurse specialist. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1953. xvii, 289 p. 22 ill.

Thomas, K. Bryn. The development of anaesthetic apparatus: A history based on the Charles Kidd Collection of the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. Oxford, Blackwell for the Association. x, 268 p. ill., ports.

Truax, Rhoda. The Doctors Warren of Boston: First Family of Surgery. Boston, Houghton, 1968. xiii, 269 p.

Turnbull, Laurence. The advantages and accidents of artificial anaesthesia. Being a manual of anaesthetic agents, and their modes of administration, considering their relative risk, tests of purity, treatment of asphyxia, spasm of the Glottis syncope,etc. Philadelphia, Lindsay & Blakiston, 1878. viii, 210 p. 3 p. adv., 25 ill. First edition.

A popular early general monograph on surgical anesthesia.

__________. The advantages and accidents of artificial anaesthesia.Philadelphia, 1885. 322 p., appendix.

__________. Artificial anaesthesia: A manual of anaesthetic agents and their employment in the treatment of disease. 4th rev. ed. Philadelphia, Blakiston, 1896. xxiv, 550 p., ill., 1 folded chart.

Turner, Matthew. An account of the extraordinary medicinal fluid, called aether. Liverpool, John Sadler, 1761. 16 p.


Underwood, Arthur S. Notes on anaesthetics with an appendix containing illustrative cases and engravings of anaesthetic apparatus. London, C. Ash & Sons, 1885. v, 119 pp, 31 woodcut ill. and figures.


Vásárhely, Emeric de. Essai sur l'anesthésie locale. Thèse no. 219, Faculté de Médecine de Paris, 1865, 64 p.

Volpitto, Perry P. and Fandam, Leroy D., editors. The genesis of contemporary American anesthesiology. Springfield, IL, Charles C. Thomas, 1982, 246 p. Autographed by Vandam "to the Hyman Collection." Focuses on development of American anesthesiology in the 1930s and 1940s.


Warren, Edward. Some account of the letheon or, who is the discoverer? 3rd ed., revised and enlarged. Boston, Dutton and Wentworth, 1847. 90 p.

Warren, John C. Etherization: with surgical remarks. Boston, William D. Ticknor & Co., 1848. 100 p., 4 p. ads. First edition.

Warren, J. Collins, Jr. The influence of anaesthesia on the surgery of the nineteenth century: being the address of the President before the American Surgical Association, 1897. Boston, privately printed, 1906. 31 p., portraits, ill. The 2nd edition of 150 copies.

Warren, J. Mason. Inhalation of ether. Reprint from: Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 24 March 1847. 18 p. First separate printing.

__________. Arnold, Howard Payson. Memoir of Jonathan Mason Warren, M.D. Boston, privately printed, 1886. vii, 329 p., includes appendix and portrait.

Waterton, Charles. Wanderings in South America, the North-west of the United States, and the Antilles in the years 1812, 1816, 1820, and 1824: with original instructions for the perfect preservation of birds, etc., for cabinets of natural history. London, J. Mawman, 1825. vii, 326 p., frontispiece.

Describes experiments in London on an ass with wourali poison (curare) and artificial respiration, p. 81-82.

Welch, William Henry. Papers and addresses. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1920. 3 v.  Anesthesia chapter: v. 3, p. 215-233.

Wells, Horace. A history of the discovery of the application of nitrous oxide gas, ether and other vapors, to surgical operations. Hartford, CT, J. Gaylord Wells, 1847. 25 p. First edition.

The only separate publication on anesthesia by Wells. This is a rare pamphlet purporting to "prove, conclusively, that I made known this discovery in November, 1844, nearly two years prior to that given by Drs. Jackson and Morton." GM 5660.

_________. Discovery by the late Dr. Horace Wells, of the applicability of nitrous oxide gas, sulphuric ether and other vapors, in surgical operations, nearly two years before the patented discovery of Drs. Charles Jackson and W.T.G. Morton. Hartford, CT, Elihu Geer, 1852, 40 p.

__________. Dr. Wells, the discoverer of anaesthesia. New York, J.A. Gray, 1860, 15 p. Portrait of Horace Wells and copy of two-page letter written by Elizabeth Wells, Hartford, April, 1860.

__________. American Dental Association. Horace Wells, Dentist, Father of Surgical Anesthesia. Proceedings of Centenary Commemorations of Wells' discovery in 1844 and list of Wells memorabilia, including bibliographies, memorials and testimonials. Hartford, CT, The Committee...A.D.A. xiii, 415 p., portraits, ill.

__________. Archer, William Harry. Life and letters of Horace Wells, discoverer of anesthesia, chronologically arranged with an appendix. 130 p., ill., portraits. Reprint from: Journal of the American College of Dentists, v. 2, 81-210, 1944. Autographed by the author and dedicated to Harold L. Faggart.

The only complete collection of Wells' letters and a superb record of Wells memorabilia, photographic and otherwise.

__________. Smith, Truman. An examination of the question of anaesthesia, arising on the memorial of Charles Thomas Wells, presented to the United States Senate, 32nd Congress by the Hon. Truman Smith. New York, John A. Gray, 1858. viii, 135 p.: Two copies, one in a contemporary binding with gold-stamped title Anesthesia, the other in paper wrappers.

Rare publication on the priority controversy relating to the discovery of the surgical applications of ether and Senator Smith's opposition to bills which would grant $100,000 to Dr. Morton. This is a completely documented presentation claiming the priority for Dr. Horace Wells.

__________. Smith, Truman. An inquiry into the origin of modern anaesthesia. Hartford, Brown and Gross, 1867. 165 p. Portrait of Wells.

__________. Portrait of Horace Wells. Engraved.

  • Wood, Alexander (1855) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints

Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology. History of Anesthesiology Reprint Series.

Part 1 (1971):

Long, Crawford W. An Account of the first use of Sulphuric Ether by Inhalation as an Anaesthetic in Surgical Operations. Reprint from: Southern Medical and Surgical Journal, v. 5, no. 12, December 1849.

Sims, J. Marion. The Discovery of Anaesthesia. Reprint from: Virginia Medical Monthly, v. 4, no. 2, May 1877.

Part 2 (1972):

Bigelow, Henry J. Insensibility during surgical operations produced by inhalation.. Reprint from: Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, v. 35, no. 16, Nov. 18, 1846.

The first thorough account of the use of sulfuric etherization, read before the Boston Society of Medical Improvement on November 8, 1846. An abstract was previously read before the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on November 3, 1846.

Bigelow, Henry J. Surgical operations performed during insensibility produced by the inhalation of sulphuric ether. Reprint from The Lancet (this is his earlier report in the Boston Med. & Surg. Jour.)

Part 5 (1975):

Hickman, Henry H. A Letter on suspended animation, containing experiments shewing that it may be safely employed during operations on animals, with the view of ascertaining its probable utility in surgical operations on the human subject. Ironbridge, W. Smith, 1824.

Jackson, Dennis E. A new method for the production of general analgesia and anaesthesia with a description of the apparatus used. Reprint from: Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, v. 1, no. 1, October 1915.

Waters, Ralph M. Clinical scope and utility of carbon dioxid filtration in inhalation anesthesia. Reprint from: Anesthesia and Analgesia, Feb. 1924.

Sword, Brian C. The closed circle method of administration of gas anesthesia. Reprint from: Current Researches in Anesthesia & Analagesia, v. 9, no. 5, Sept.-Oct. 1930.

Part 12 (1982):

Wren, Christopher. An account of the rise and attempts, of a way to convey liquors immediately into the mass of blood. Reprint from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, v.1, 128-130, Dec. 4, 1665.

Rynd, Francis. Neuralgia: Introduction of fluid to the nerve. Dublin Medical Press, v. 13, 167-168, 1845.

Wood, Alexander. New method of treating neuralgia by the direct application of opiates to the painful points. Reprint from: Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, v.82, 265-281, 1855.

Oré, Pierre-Cyprien. De l'anesthésie produite chez l'homme par les injections de chloral dans les veines. Reprint from: Compte rendus des séances de l'Académie des Sciences, v. 78, 1874 [with English translation].

Zerfas, L.G., McCallum, J.T.C., Shonle, H.A., et. al. Induction of anesthesia in man by intravenous injection of sodium iso-amyl-ethyl barbiturate. Reprint from Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, v. 26, 399-403, 1929.

Weese, Hellmuth. Pharmakologie des intravenösen kurznarkotikums Evipan-Natrium. Reprint from: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, v. 59, p. 47-48, Jan. 13, 1933 [with English translation].

Lundy, John S. Intravenous anesthesia: Preliminary report of the use of the two new thiobarbiturates. Reprint from Proceedings of the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic, v. 10, 536-543, 1935.

Woolmer, Ronald. The conquest of pain. London, Cassell, 1961. 171 p., ill., 8 plates, 9 figures.

  • Wren, Christopher (1665) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints
  • Zerfas, L.G. (1929) - see - Wood Library-Museum Reprints
Processing Notes

The list is current through September 2017.